There is plenty information out there. Here is one source with questionable motives:
REAL ID Final Rule
The Department of Homeland Security has issued a final rule to establish minimum standards for state-issued driver’s licenses and identification cards in accordance with the REAL ID Act of 2005.
These regulations set standards for states to meet the requirements of the REAL ID Act, including:
- information and security features that must be incorporated into each card;
- proof of identity and lawful status of an applicant;
- verification of the source documents provided by an applicant; and
- security standards for the offices that issue licenses and identification cards.
This final rule also provides a process for states to seek an additional extension of the compliance deadline to May 11, 2011, by demonstrating material compliance with the core requirements of the Act and this rule.
...This final rule also provides a process for States
to seek an additional extension of the compliance deadline to May 11,
2011, by demonstrating material compliance with the core requirements
of the Act and this rule. Finally, taking into consideration the
operational burdens on State Departments of Motor Vehicles, this rule
extends the enrollment time period to allow States determined by DHS to
be in compliance with the Act to replace all licenses intended for
official purpose with REAL ID-compliant cards by December 1, 2014 for
people born after December 1, 1964, and by December 1, 2017 for those
born on or before December 1, 1964.
Enrollment: As of December 1, 2014, Federal agencies cannot accept
driver's licenses or identification cards for official purposes, as
defined herein, from any individual born after December 1, 1964, unless
DHS has determined that the issuing State is in compliance with
Subparts A through D of this rule and the card presented by the
individuals meet the standards of this rule. As of December 1, 2017,
Federal agencies will not accept any State-issued driver's licenses and
identification cards for official purposes unless such cards have been
issued by States that have certified to DHS their compliance with
Subparts A through D of this rule.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Darrell Williams, REAL ID Program
Office, Department of Homeland Security, Washington, DC 20528 (202)
282-9829.The privacy groups and individuals also filed comments on a number
of other privacy issues such as redress, the confidentiality of the
address for certain at-risk individuals, and the Western Hemisphere
Travel Initiative (WHTI)-compliant card and its use of Radio Frequency
Identification (RFID) technology. The comments and responses to these
additional privacy concerns are discussed in other sections of this
Comment: One commenter supported the decision to omit an RFID
device. It stated, however, that the NPRM does not discuss what
information from a card should be made available digitally and what
purpose it would serve.
Response: DHS is not requiring that States employ RFID in REAL ID
Act cards; rather the only technology required by the final rule is the
use of the PDF417 bar code, which most States already use on their cards.
Comment: Many commenters said that RFID technology, the proposed
technology for WHTI documents, should not be used on REAL IDs. Because
RFID can be read from up to thirty feet away there are significant
privacy and security risks. A few commenters noted that the DHS Data
Privacy and Integrity Advisory Committee and the Government
Accountability Office both advised against using RFID technology. One
organization felt strongly that the use of RFID technology without the
use of Basic Access Control and other safeguards would contravene the
basic security features that the Department of State has included in
new U.S. passports.
Another group believed that States can leverage the same
infrastructure that they will need to purchase for REAL ID to
incorporate MRZ, proximity chips, and vicinity chip technology onto a
driver's license. The only difference
would be the cardstock and the quality assurance processes to ensure
that electronics within the card are functioning properly. Another
organization suggested that its product can turn the wireless function
on or off as needed.
One State suggested that DHS not identify a specific technology to
be used, but leave it up to the States to decide.
Response: The use of RFID is essential to the WHTI program in order
to ensure facilitation at crowded U.S. land and sea crossing points.
Similar concerns are not implicated by REAL ID, which is one of the
factors that led DHS to select the 2D bar code as the common machine
readable technology on driver's licenses and identification cards. DHS
encourages States to explore alternative technologies on their driver's
licenses and identification cards in order to promote security and
technology advances as well as e-government initiatives a State may wish to explore
And another questionable source giving their interpretation: